32 C O N T E X T 1 5 7 : N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 8 households, suggesting a stable but proportion- ally small permanent population.With mounting property prices, the latter two groups have grown in importance. If permanent residency continues to diminish, Visby will need to look towards Åland in Finland, where ownership restrictions favour long-term residents. While investment is good for conservation, the trend of a small number of property investors expanding their property portfolios has exposed the built fabric to new pressures for redevel- opment and neglect of minimal-intervention conservation principles. Development rhetoric is taking precedence over conservation, as in the case of the recently granted planning permission to demolish a historic building at one of the main squares ( Södertorg ) to facilitate a develop- ment project. Whether world heritage status creates positive spin-off effects for attractive historic towns or reinforces over-focus on tourism and real-estate at the cost of living cities is debatable. However, with shifts in focus on sustainable develop- ment and community-based approaches, world heritage sites are at least in theory potential platforms for conservation and sound use of cultural and natural resources. The compulsory management plan, requiring the formulation of a long-term vision and conservation-based actions, can be used as a tool to make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. Finally, managing change through holistic conservation and heritage-led development will gain from further examples for the development of a more refined understanding of how to realise the historic urban landscape approach in practice. References 1 Cave, C and Negussie, E (2017) World Heritage Conservation: the World Heritage Convention, linking culture and nature for sustainable development, Earthscan, Routledge 2 UN (2015) ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’, Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, A/RES/70/1, New York: United Nations 3 Unesco (2011) Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape , Unesco, Paris 4 Negussie, E and Westerlund-Bjurström, K (2014) ‘Using HUL to introduce a new heritage-driven concept for city development: the Stockholm experience’, 18th ICOMOS General Assembly and Scientific Symposium on Heritage and Landscape as Human Values, 9–14 November 2014, Florence, Italy 5 Unesco (2016) Cultural, Urban, Future: Global Report on Culture for Sustainable Urban Development , Unesco, Paris 6 Negussie, E (2015) ‘Managing Dublin City as a historic urban landscape in the prospect of world heritage nomination, project report’, unpublished report, commissioned by Dublin City Council, Dublin Elene Negussie, an urban geographer, is site manager/coordinator for the Hanseatic Town of Visby at Region Gotland, Sweden. Glass for period windows The London Crown Glass Company specialises in providing authentic glass for the windows of period buildings. This glass, handblown using the traditional techniques of the glass blowers, is specified by The National Trust, the Crown Estates and indeed many others involved in the conservation of Britain’s heritage. Specify authentic period glass for your restoration projects. THE LONDON CROWN GLASS COMPANY 21 Harpsden Road, Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire RG9 1EE Tel 01491 413227 Fax 01491 413228 londoncrownglass@gmail.com www.londoncrownglass.co.uk www.westdean.org.uk/bcm West Dean College of Arts and Conservation, Chichester,West Sussex, PO18 0QZ BUILDING CONSERVATION MASTERCLASSES Recognised by Historic England Choose from a varied programme of courses Learn from leading practitioners Network with participants and specialists Achieve your Professional Development Diploma in Historic Building Conservation by completing 10 Building Conservation Masterclasses and a portfolio. The perfect balance of theoretical and practical application really does help with understanding! Suzi Pendlebury Mortars for Repair and Conservation Context Ad Oct 2018_124x86mm.indd 1 04/10/2018 11:52:58