Context 155 - July 2018

C O N T E X T 1 5 5 : J U L Y 2 0 1 8 39 Having selected the case studies, data was gathered from planning applications and project evaluation reports, supplementedwith stakeholder interviews to provide a qualitative dimension. Lichfields applied its in-house Evaluate tool to each case study to estimate the economic, social and environmental impacts of each project – in other words, to measure the dividend that heritage-led regeneration can deliver. The research painted a clear picture of the richness of regeneration outcomes which the repair and imaginative re-use of sites on the Heritage at Risk Register can offer, and the regen- eration context to which they often contribute. Three examples serve to illustrate these points well. Deptford Railway Ramp Deptford railway ramp in south-east London comprises a series of 14 arches and a carriage ramp which was built to convey rolling stock to and from track level.The structure, built in 1832, is listed Grade II. It was added to the Heritage at Risk Register in 1997 after years of disuse. The site was bought from the local authority by developer U&I and redeveloped in 2012, the arches being put to use as independent shops, cafes, restaurants and a gym. The adjacent land has been redeveloped for residential use. Alongside the repair and conservation of a heritage asset at risk, the project delivered 132 new homes. Other benefits included 88 direct jobs, an estimated £8.5 million a year economic output and £3.4 million a year resident expendi- ture.The site has made a significant contribution to the regeneration of Deptford by establishing a critical mass of leisure and retail activity at the south end of the High Street. Wilton’s Music Hall Wilton’s Music Hall in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, is the oldest surviving music hall in the world, first opened in 1859. It survived into the early 20th century as a soup kitchen under the ownership of the East London Methodist Mission, serving thousands of dockers’ families over a period of some 70 years. The building escaped demolition during the 1960s following a local campaign, although it remained vacant until the 1990s. Since then the building has gradually been restored with significant funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund, and donations from the SITA Trust and the Foundation for Sports and Arts, among others. The building has continued to host events in tandem with its restoration. On top of the 29 direct jobs and £1.2 million a year economic output identified through our analysis, the more gradual regeneration timetable has enabled a sustained programme of community, cultural and educational events. The 2016 HLF evalua- tion report lists a total of 450 volunteer days, 60 behind-the-scenes tours, two three-week build- ing crafts placements, and three community weekends attended by 6,000 people. Poplar Baths Poplar Baths was constructed in 1933 to the designs of Harley Heckford. Grade II listed, it was built to provide washing facilities for the poor of the east end of London, replacing earlier Victorian baths. Poplar Baths was an early addi- tion to the Heritage at Risk Register following its closure in 1986. Thirty years later, in 2016, the building was finally removed from the register following a public-private scheme to transform the baths. The facilities were modernised with a 25-metre swimming pool, a new gym and a rooftop five- a-side football pitch. Garages to the rear were demolished to create 60 new affordable homes, with a further 40 units built on an adjacent site. The project is estimated to have generated 100 direct jobs and £6.6 million a year in economic output, £1.6 million a year resident expenditure and £100,000 a year in council tax contributions. Together the 10 case studies show that tackling sites on Historic England’s Heritage at Risk Register can deliver an extraordinary diversity of regeneration outcome: economic Poplar Baths, London Borough of Tower Hamlets (Copyright Historic England) Wilton’s Music Hall, London Borough of Tower Hamlets (Photo: Sebastian Iglesias)

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