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24 C O N T E X T 1 5 5 : J U L Y 2 0 1 8 on resources’, yet an alternative understanding would be to see material and informational profusion as a rich potential resource for build- ing diverse heritage-futures. The boundaries between what we consider ‘waste’ or ‘heritage’ are negotiated, not given. Similarly, the bounda- ries of ‘who’ and ‘what’ is being managed can have physical form. For example, research in the Côa Valley in Portugal explores human/ nonhuman management: which animals are being contained for protection, which animals can roam between fenced properties, and how humans access landscapes juxtaposing farming and rewilding. 3 Futures thinking for practice. Heritage Futures proposes that individuals, organisations, com- munities, societies and governments involved in the practice of preserving or conserving heritage for posterity create futures as they do so. Our research indicates how the futures created are inherently selective – determined by external fac- tors that inform what is seen, treated and pushed into the future as heritage. In selecting the elements that make up this heritage, choices are shaped by funding, value judgements, political climates and many other factors. In being kept for the future, these selections themselves create futures. These futures are not fixed. For exam- ple, at the International Union for Conservation of Nature workshop we convened in 2016, one conservation architect mentioned that he did not have a firm idea of the temporal implications of his work, nor what future he is working for, except in hoping that his work would last into the future. When we highlighted comparative perspectives across heritage domains, he con- templated that if culture were managed at the scale that nature is managed, such as species management across a broader area, that might change how building conservation would be done in urban environments. Heritage Futures recognises that heritage is not limited to one field. By engaging with many practitioners – including museum curators, planners and architects, archaeologists, histo- rians, natural scientists, nuclear waste disposal experts and others – and the interests they have in heritage management and conservation, our research broadens definitions of heritage.We are driven by the recognition that some existing and traditional approaches will not be appropriate for crafting more sustainable and diverse futures; that new ways of thinking and practicing are needed. This short text has started to set out the kinds of alternative understandings and shared critical insights emerging through our research, on which new approaches to link the past with the present into the future may be built. Check our website and sign up for our newsletter at https:// to hear more about our research as it progresses. Acknowledgements Heritage Futures is funded by an Arts and Humanities Research Council grant, and receives generous additional support from its host universities and partner organisations. References Codée, HDK (2000) Radioactive Waste Management in the Netherlands: a practical solution in full operation, COVRA DeSilvey, C (2017) Curated Decay: heritage beyond saving , University of Minnesota Press Harrison, R (2013) Heritage: critical approaches, Routledge Högberg, A, Holtorf, C, May, S and Wollentz, G (2017) ‘No future in archaeological heritage management?’ World Archaeology 49(5) Rico, T (2015) ‘Heritage at Risk: the authority and autonomy of a dominant preservation framework’, in K Lafrenz Samuels and T Rico (eds) Heritage Keywords: rhetoric and redescription in cultural heritage , University of Colorado Press Vidal, F, and Dias, N (2016) ‘The endangerment sensibility’ in F Vidal and V Dias (eds), Endangerment, Biodiversity and Culture, 1-38, Routledge von Droste zu Hülshoff B (2006) ‘A gift from the past to the future: natural and cultural world heritage’, Sixty Years of Science at Unesco, 1945-2005 The Heritage Futures Team consists of Nadia Bartolini, Esther Breithoff, Caitlin DeSilvey, Harald Fredheim, Rodney Harrison, Cornelius Holtorf, Antony Lyons, Sharon Macdonald, Sarah May, Jennie Morgan and Sefryn Penrose. Research in the Côa Valley in Portugal explores how people access landscapes that juxtapose farming and rewilding.